During puberty, children need more care to achieve maximum growth. By knowing how tall is a 10-year-old child?, parents can develop a plan that is suitable for the child’s condition, making the most of the child’s tremendous growth potential during the “golden period”.
What is the standard height of a 10-year-old child?
The standard height of 10-year-old children is monitored based on the height and weight standard table of age issued by WHO. These indicators are the results from a survey of the height and weight of children and adolescents of various age groups in different countries around the world. Accordingly, the standard height of a 10-year-old boy is 138.6cm and a girl’s standard height at the age of 10 is 137.8cm.
The standard height of a 10-year-old girl is 137.8cm
Similar to boys, 10-year-old girls have an average height of 137.8cm. However, parents do not need to worry too much if the child’s growth is slower than this. As long as the baby’s height at the age of 10 is still between 125cm – 150.5cm, it is considered standard growth.
The standard height of a 10-year-old boy is 138.6cm
Most boys by the age of 10 will reach the standard height of 138.6cm. There are also many cases where the baby will be higher or lower than this standard. Therefore, as long as the child’s height is in the range of 125.8 cm – 151.4 cm, it is considered to be 10 years old.
How to calculate the standard height of a 10-year-old child?
To calculate the standard height of a 10-year-old child, there are two things parents need to do: First, measure the child’s height; The second is to compare with the standard height and weight table.
The tape measure, the vertical ruler, the height measuring table are the height measuring devices with little error. To get the most accurate height measurement results, parents should conduct the test when the child has just woken up after a long night. The measured height at this time is equal to the actual height of the child. In addition, there are some notes when using a height ruler for 10-year-old children with less errors as follows:
Measure height with a tape measure: The zero line of the ruler is located at the position of the foot on the ground. Extend the ruler to the top of the head. The distance between the tip of the ruler and the touch point at the top of the head is the child’s height.
Measure height with a vertical ruler: The horizontal slider touches the top of the child’s head lightly with sufficient force, without pressing or creating a distance from the head.
Measure the height with a measuring board: These height boards are usually glued to the wall. If using a ruler of this type, parents pay attention to stick the 0 level of the ruler to the point where the child’s heel touches the floor.
When measuring height, children need to take off their hats, socks, and slippers to get the most accurate results. Parents can also record these measurement results to compare with the next time, understand the growth trend of the child.
After obtaining the height measurement result, compare it with the WHO standard index that Deliventura.com gave at the beginning of the article. If the measured height of the child is within this range, it means that the child has reached the age standard of 10 years old.
Reasons why children are slow to grow taller than their age
Reaching the standard height at the age of 10 is the result of the height growth plan in the previous stages. Maintaining a scientific lifestyle, children will continue to grow, even stronger than before because this is the stage of puberty. However, if the child’s growth is slower at this stage, parents should pay attention. Here are the reasons why children are slow to grow tall for their age.
Waking up late
Usually girls will start puberty between 8-12 years old and boys 11-13 years old. Puberty after 12 years of age in girls and after 13 years of age in boys is considered delayed puberty. Children with delayed puberty experience growth spurts more slowly than their peers. If recognized early, monitored and treated in time, children still have a chance to achieve adult height.
Weight is out of balance
Possessing a balanced body not only needs to reach the standard height but also needs a proportionate weight. Excess weight puts pressure on joints, making it difficult to develop to their fullest extent. Moreover, excess weight also reflects an unhealthy lifestyle. This is also the leading cause that needs to be addressed in order for children to catch up with the growth rate of their age.
Children with growth retardation due to lack of nutrition
Growth retardation due to undernutrition is a common cause. For the height growth of 10-year-old children in particular and all ages in general, nutrition accounts for 32% and is the most important factor. Poor nutrition leads to impaired organ function. When bones do not receive enough nutrients, it is difficult to grow to their maximum.
Furthermore, a child’s undernutrition can stem from poor eating habits. Children like to eat fatty foods, sweets, drink soft drinks, carbonated water, … all affect the nutritional content that the body receives.
Unhealthy living environment
An unhealthy living environment can affect many life habits of children. Family influences such as the father’s smoking also have a negative effect. Stress is also a factor that reduces a child’s chances of development.
Children stay up late
Growth hormone secreted during sleep is crucial for bone growth. The fact that children stay up more than 23 hours a day will directly affect this hormone level. As a result, the height is slowly increased.
Slow growth due to bone problems
Children grow continuously at previous ages, but slower at this age, possibly due to poor posture. This causes the child’s bone structure to change, increasing the risk of bone problems. In the long run, the child cannot be corrected, thereby causing permanent loss of height.
Exposure to stimulants
Puberty can make children think more impulsively, turn to cigarettes and alcohol to relieve pressure or express themselves. However, whatever the reason, the use of stimulants has a negative effect on height growth.
Imbalance between nutrients
Why is an imbalance of nutrients the cause of children’s growth retardation compared to their age? In fact, most parents only focus on supplementing calcium for children because this is a mineral related to the structure of bones. However, excess absorption causes children to have side effects, seriously affecting health.
Children lack vitamin D due to less exposure to sunlight
Recent research shows that the percentage of children with vitamin D deficiency is increasing, especially children living in urban areas. Vitamin D from food is not the optimal source, instead it is sunlight. Less exposure to sunlight leads to vitamin D deficiency and is also one of the reasons why 10-year-olds slow to grow taller .
Slow growth due to sedentary
Movement helps bones and joints to be flexible, increase flexibility, and at the same time increase height. With sedentary children, bones and joints are less flexible, very susceptible to injury. Inactivity can lead to premature closure of joints, shortening the time to grow taller.
Factors determining the height growth of 10-year-old children
There are many factors that determine the height growth of 10-year-old children. Exploiting these factors is a way to help your child grow in height effectively. Here are ways to optimize growth factors to help your child conquer height.
Always ready to enter puberty
Puberty is one of the three periods of great height growth for children. Healthy habits in terms of nutrition, physical activity and activities from before are the foundation for children to accelerate height at this stage. Moreover, during the years of puberty, there will be 2-3 years of tremendous growth, ie children can reach 7 – 9cm/year if well cared for.
Invest in nutrition in children’s meals
Nutrition for growing bones mostly comes from the foods included in the meal. Therefore, children who are cared for carefully in terms of nutrition and height are always more prominent than the rest of the children. Children 10 years old need to be provided with a large amount of calcium for strong bone development at puberty.
According to research from experts, 10-year-old children need about 1000mg of calcium per day. Green leafy vegetables, especially cruciferous vegetables, broccoli are rich sources of calcium. There are also citrus fruits such as oranges, grapefruits, strawberries, kiwis. Seafood, especially fatty fish and shellfish, is also an ideal choice for children’s meals.
Keep your weight in line with your weight
For the standard height of 125.8 cm – 151.4 cm of a 10-year-old boy, the standard weight is 23.3 – 46.9 (kg). Meanwhile, the weight corresponding to the standard height of 125 – 150.5cm for a 10-year-old girl is 23.2 – 45 (kg). To calculate more accurately, parents can rely on the formula to calculate body mass index with weight divided by square of height. A child’s BMI between 18.5 – 24.5 is considered balanced.
Balance Calcium and essential nutrients
Calcium is the most important mineral for bones. However, with calcium alone, bones cannot develop optimally and be strong. Accordingly, parents should pay attention to supplementing with other essential vitamins and minerals such as:
Zinc helps improve the immune system, maintaining a good health foundation for maximum growth
Phosphorus, vitamin D3, vitamin K support calcium absorption and calcium balance
Magnesium contributes to taking care of sleep quality, optimizing growth hormone levels
Collagen Type 2 helps joints become more flexible and prevents calcium excretion from bones
In addition to food in daily meals, health care products that support height increase also do this function very well. Moreover, by applying scientific advances such as nano-calcium nanotechnology or hydrolyzed collagen type 2 technology, children can fully receive these nutrients without affecting their health.
Do not let children come into contact with stimulants
Nicotine in cigarettes, methanol in alcohol can increase the amount of calcium in the body, making bones weak. Using these products also harms the function of many other organs, affecting overall health. Therefore, to help children increase the maximum height of 10 years old, parents should let children know the harm and advice not to use this product.
Encourage children to play sports and increase physical activity time
7 days a week, children should have at least 5 days of playing sports, the remaining 2 days can be replaced with exercise activities. Regardless of the physical activity, children just need to play as much as they can or at least 45-60 minutes. Swimming and basketball are rated as the two best growth stimulating sports. In addition, volleyball, football, badminton, skipping rope, … are also good suggestions.
When playing sports, make sure your child has the correct techniques, movements and postures. Performing warm-up exercises before entering the main subject will reduce the risk of injury. Similarly, after playing sports, children also need to do stretching exercises.
Limit the use of foods and drinks that are not nutritious for children
To develop good height, children need to give up foods and drinks that are not good for height. Limiting foods that are high in fat, sugar, carbonated drinks or soft drinks are things to do. Instead with natural foods, filtered water or fruit juices. If your child enjoys snacking, learn about snack products made with vegetables.
Supplement vitamin D by increasing sun exposure
Vitamin D is important for bone growth. The role of this micronutrient is to facilitate the absorption of calcium. Supplementing with vitamin D helps the process of mineralization and bone modeling take place smoothly, making bones stronger.
Parents should encourage children to spend 10-15 minutes in the morning or afternoon in the sun. More optimally, can be combined with outdoor activities or sports. Children do not need too much sun exposure, just 2-3 days a week is enough.
Remind children to maintain correct posture during activities
Posture helps the development of bones take place smoothly. A posture with a straight back also helps children gain more confidence. If the child already has a habit of wrong posture, parents can use support tools such as belts, anti-hunchback study tables, anti-hunchback belts, etc. Subjects such as yoga or stretch also help improve. Very effective posture.
Children should go to bed at 22:30 and have a good sleep
23 hours is the time when growth hormone is most active. If the child is already asleep before this time, hormone levels may be at their maximum. That also means, children should start going to bed from 10 pm to 10 pm every night. Some habits before bed help children sleep better such as soaking feet with warm water, doing stretching exercises, breathing exercises, …
How tall is a 10-year-old child? – Surely through this article, parents have understood. Hopefully parents already know how to determine the standard height of a 10-year-old. At the same time, optimizing growth factors to help children break through puberty height.
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